The passing of the controversial Citizenship (Amendment) Bill triggered massive protests across the country leaving many feared that the act will be used in conjunction with the National Register of Citizens (NRC) to deem minorities as ‘illegal migrants’.
People in Assam are in fear of taking the burden of illegal migrants because the NRC is being updated on the basis of historic Assam Accord 1985 which lays down March 24th, 1971 as the cut-off date. On the other hand, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act seeks to grants Indian citizenship to illegal migrants belonging to Hindu, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain and Parsi and entered into India from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh on or before December 31st, 2014.
All you need to know about the NRC
- The NRC is a register of all Indian citizens whose creation is mandated by the Citizenship Act 1955 as amended in 2003–2004. It has not yet been implemented except for the state of Assam.
- The NRC updation work was started after the Supreme Court had promulgated an order in 2013.
- The final list was published on August 31st, 2019 including 3,11,21,004 people and excluding 19,06,657 people including those who did not submit claims
- The complete draft NRC was published in December 2018 leaving 40,07,707 people
- State coordinator for NRC Prateek Hajela was transferred to Madya Pradesh after the final list was published.
- The Assam government on November 30th, 2019 had appointed Babulal Sharma, Secretary of Home and Political Department, as the temporary coordinator of the NRC. Hitesh Dev Sarma, was earlier appointed as the executive director of the Assam NRC updation exercise, was appointed as the new Assam NRC Coordinator.
- The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) in an interim report has allegedly found financial irregularities to the tune of Rs 108 crore.
- Around Rs 1200 crore was spent in the entire NRC updation process so far and 54000 government employees were engaged
- BJP rejected the Assam NRC and took a move for nationwide NRC which triggered massive protest
Photo credit: @nrcassam