Guwahati, June 25, 2019
Assam, Haryana and Jharkhand have emerged as the most improved state in terms of incremental performance and overall performance, according to the Niti Aayog’s second round of Health Index. Assam jumped from 44.13 for the period 2015-16 (Base Year) to 48.85 for the period 2017-18 (Reference Year).
On the other hand, Chhattisgarh has seen the least improvement among all states while West Bengal has seen no improvement.
The health index is a composite measure of States and Union Territories based on 23 health indicators with major weightage to the outcomes.
Kerala championed the larger states with an overall score of 74.01, while Uttar Pradesh was the least performing state with an overall score of 28.61.
Other NE States
On the other hand, among the smaller states, Mizoram while Tripura and Manipur were the top two states in terms of incremental performance. Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh had the biggest decrease in overall Health Index scores.
Arunachal Pradesh registered the largest decline in the overall performance score from 49.51 to 46.07. Mizoram remains the best performer in terms of overall performance and registered an increased from 73.70 to 74.97 in overall performance. Compared to the Larger States, the magnitude of change in the overall performance scores among the Smaller States was smaller.
Manipur is the moderately improved state in the smaller states category in terms of incremental performance and overall performance.
NITI Aayog report
“Healthy States, Progressive India”- the report on the first round of Health Index (referred to as Health Index-2017) released in February 2018, measured the annual performance of the States and UTs, over the period 2014-15 (Base Year) and 2015-16 (Reference Year) and ranked States on the basis of incremental change, while also providing an overall status of States’ performance and helping identify specific areas of improvement.
The indicators, methodology and categorization of States and UTs in the Health Index-2018 are broadly consistent with the 2017 round with a total of 23 indicators grouped into the domains of Health Outcomes, Governance and Information, and Key Inputs/Processes
The states are categories in larger states (21 states including Assam), smaller states (eight including Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura) and Union Territories (seven states).