Assam-Meghalaya ‘Poorest’ in NE: National Multi Dimensional Poverty Index

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Bihar topped the list of with having 51.91% of population were found to be multidimensionally poor
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Assam-Meghalaya 'Poorest' in NE: National Multi Dimensional Poverty
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Assam-Meghalaya ‘Poorest’ in NE: National Multi Dimensional Poverty Index

By Syeda Ambia Zahan

Guwahati:  At least four northeastern states including Assam have been found to be amongst the top 10 poor states of India as per National Multi Dimensional Poverty Index, report of which was recently released by Niti Aayog.

The report said that as per the percentage of population who are multidimensionally poor in each state, both Assam and Meghalaya were ranked as the fifth in the country. In both the states, at least 32.67 percentage of population were found to be multidimensionally poor.

While with 25.23 percentage of population who are multidimensionally poor, Nagaland was placed at the ninth rank; with 24.27 percentages Arunachal Pradesh was placed at the 10th position in the index.

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) has been used by the United Nations Development Programme in its flagship Human Development Report since 2010. It uses health, education and standard of living indicators to determine the incidence and intensity of poverty experienced by a population. It has since been used to measure acute poverty across over 100 developing countries including India.

Other states of northeast- Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram ranked 13th, 15th and 21st position in terms of percentage of population were found to be multidimensionally poor.

With 3.82 percentage of population were found to be multidimensionally poor, Sikkim ranked fairly at 25 position.

Bihar topped the list of with having 51.91% of population were found to be multidimensionally poor .

The twelve indicators of measuring multi-dimensional poverty are nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, maternal health, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing, assets, and bank accounts.

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