GUWAHATI: Assam stood at 28 th rank in Export Preparedness Index (EPI) released by NITI Aayog in partnership with the Institute of Competitiveness on Wednesday. Assam’s ranking was ‘miserably’ below the rankings of all the other northeastern states but Manipur.
Manipur ranked at 32.
The first report to examine export preparedness and performance of Indian states, EPI intended to identify challenges and opportunities; enhance the effectiveness of government policies; and encourage a facilitative regulatory framework
As per the report, Tripura amongst the northeastern states has topped at 17 th position. Other northeastern states which were above Assam were Meghalaya (21), Mizoram (23), Nagaland (24), Arunachal Pradesh (25) and Sikkim (26)
The structure of the EPI includes four pillars –Policy; Business Ecosystem; Export Ecosystem; Export Performance – and 11 sub-pillars –Export Promotion Policy; Institutional Framework; Business Environment; Infrastructure; Transport Connectivity; Access to Finance; Export Infrastructure; Trade Support; R&D Infrastructure; Export Diversification; and Growth Orientation.
“The Indian economy holds immense potential to become a strong exporter on the world stage. To realize this potential, it is crucial that India turns to its states and union territories and makes them active participants in the country’s export efforts. In an attempt to realize this vision, the Export Preparedness Index 2020 evaluates states’ potentials and capacities. It is hoped that the detailed insights from this Index will guide all stakeholders towards strengthening the export ecosystem at both the national and sub-national levels,” said NITI Aayog vice-chairman Rajiv Kumar.
The NITI Ayog said that many northeastern states under the Growth Orientation sub-pillar were able to export more by focusing on their indigenous product baskets. This shows that a focused development of such baskets (like spices) can drive exports on one hand and also improve farmer incomes on the other in these states, it said.
Based on the findings of the report, export promotion in India faces three fundamental challenges: intra- and inter-regional disparities in export infrastructure; poor trade support and growth orientation among states; and poor R&D infrastructure to promote complex and unique exports.
Overall, most of the coastal states are the best performers. Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu occupy the top three ranks, respectively.